Web store order robot

This robot is included in our downloadable example robots. You can also find the code at the example robots repository.

Orders Excel file

This example robot orders swag from a web store based on an Excel file. The robot uses credentials stored in a vault file for logging into the store.

Never commit sensitive information in your project. Provide the credentials for your robot from a vault file, environment variables, or with some other mechanism where the credentials are not exposed.

The robot will:

  • open a real web browser and load the web store login page
  • log into the web store using credentials provided using a vault file
  • collect the orders from the provided Excel file using a custom Python library
  • loop through the orders and complete the checkout for each order
  • close the browser on process completion

We have used this scenario as an example when explaining how to create a Process Definition Document for your RPA projects. Check it out!

This robot demonstrates some concepts and features of the Robot Framework and the RPA Framework:

  • Using a vault for sensitive data such as credentials (vault.json, Robocorp Cloud vault)
  • Asserting task state (Assert logged in, Assert item in cart...)
  • Resetting task state for the next item (Reset application state)
  • Retrying keywords n times with a given delay (Wait Until Keyword Succeeds)
  • Using a custom library (Orders.py)
  • Using a third-party library in your own library (from RPA.Excel.Files import Files)
  • Transforming Excel files to business entities, in this case, web store orders

Run this robot locally in Robocorp Lab

You can run this robot on your local machine using Robocorp Lab:

  1. Set up your development environment.
  2. Download the example robots.
  3. Open the web-store-order-processor example.
  4. Complete the Setup section below to create a vault for the credentials!
  5. Open the tasks.robot file and run it.


The robot is almost ready to run, but still needs the vault for the credentials. See how to use a vault for secrets on how to set up the vault.

Paste this content in the vault file:

  "swaglabs": {
    "username": "standard_user",
    "password": "secret_sauce"

Also setup the vault in Robocorp Cloud, if you want to run the robot there.

The robot

This is what the full robot looks like. Enjoy!

*** Settings ***
Documentation     Swag order robot. Places orders at https://www.saucedemo.com/
...               by processing a spreadsheet of orders and ordering the
...               specified products using browser automation. Uses local or
...               cloud vault for credentials.
Library           OperatingSystem
Library           Orders
Library           RPA.Browser
Library           RPA.HTTP
Library           RPA.Robocloud.Secrets

*** Variables ***
${EXCEL_FILE_NAME}=    Data.xlsx
${EXCEL_FILE_URL}=    https://github.com/robocorp/example-activities/raw/master/web-store-order-processor/devdata/${EXCEL_FILE_NAME}
${SWAG_LABS_URL}=    https://www.saucedemo.com

*** Keywords ***
Process orders
    Open Swag Labs
    ${secret}=    Get Secret    swaglabs
    Wait Until Keyword Succeeds    3x    1s    Login    ${secret}[username]    ${secret}[password]
    ${orders}=    Collect orders
    FOR    ${order}    IN    @{orders}
        Run Keyword And Continue On Failure    Process order    ${order}
    [Teardown]    Close Browser

*** Keywords ***
Open Swag Labs
    Open Available Browser    ${SWAG_LABS_URL}

*** Keywords ***
    [Arguments]    ${user_name}    ${password}
    Input Text    user-name    ${user_name}
    Input Password    password    ${password}
    Submit Form
    Assert logged in

*** Keywords ***
Assert logged in
    Wait Until Page Contains Element    inventory_container
    Location Should Be    ${SWAG_LABS_URL}/inventory.html

*** Keywords ***
Collect orders
    Download    ${EXCEL_FILE_URL}    overwrite=True
    ${orders}=    Get orders    ${EXCEL_FILE_NAME}
    [Return]    ${orders}

*** Keywords ***
Process order
    [Arguments]    ${order}
    Reset application state
    Open products page
    Assert cart is empty
    Wait Until Keyword Succeeds    3x    1s    Add product to cart    ${order}
    Wait Until Keyword Succeeds    3x    1s    Open cart
    Assert one product in cart    ${order}
    Checkout    ${order}
    Open products page

*** Keywords ***
Reset application state
    Click Button    css:.bm-burger-button button
    Click Element When Visible    id:reset_sidebar_link

*** Keywords ***
Open products page
    Go To    ${SWAG_LABS_URL}/inventory.html

*** Keywords ***
Assert cart is empty
    Element Text Should Be    css:.shopping_cart_link    ${EMPTY}
    Page Should Not Contain Element    css:.shopping_cart_badge

*** Keywords ***
Add product to cart
    [Arguments]    ${order}
    ${product_name}=    Set Variable    ${order["item"]}
    ${locator}=    Set Variable    xpath://div[@class="inventory_item" and descendant::div[contains(text(), "${product_name}")]]
    ${product}=    Get WebElement    ${locator}
    ${add_to_cart_button}=    Set Variable    ${product.find_element_by_class_name("btn_primary")}
    Click Button    ${add_to_cart_button}
    Assert    1

*** Keywords ***
Assert
    [Arguments]    ${quantity}
    Element Text Should Be    css:.shopping_cart_badge    ${quantity}

*** Keywords ***
Open cart
    Click Link    css:.shopping_cart_link
    Assert cart page

*** Keywords ***
Assert cart page
    Wait Until Page Contains Element    cart_contents_container
    Location Should Be    ${SWAG_LABS_URL}/cart.html

*** Keywords ***
Assert one product in cart
    [Arguments]    ${order}
    Element Text Should Be    css:.cart_quantity    1
    Element Text Should Be    css:.inventory_item_name    ${order["item"]}

*** Keywords ***
    [Arguments]    ${order}
    Click Link    css:.checkout_button
    Assert checkout information page
    Input Text    first-name    ${order["first_name"]}
    Input Text    last-name    ${order["last_name"]}
    Input Text    postal-code    ${order["zip"]}
    Submit Form
    Assert checkout confirmation page
    Click Element When Visible    css:.btn_action
    Assert checkout complete page

*** Keywords ***
Assert checkout information page
    Wait Until Page Contains Element    checkout_info_container
    Location Should Be    ${SWAG_LABS_URL}/checkout-step-one.html

*** Keywords ***
Assert checkout confirmation page
    Wait Until Page Contains Element    checkout_summary_container
    Location Should Be    ${SWAG_LABS_URL}/checkout-step-two.html

*** Keywords ***
Assert checkout complete page
    Wait Until Page Contains Element    checkout_complete_container
    Location Should Be    ${SWAG_LABS_URL}/checkout-complete.html

*** Tasks ***
Place orders
    Process orders